Accepting the risk means that while you have identified it and logged it in your risk management software, you take no action. You simply accept that it might happen and decide to deal with it if it does.
This is a good strategy to use for very small risks – risks that won’t have much of an impact on your project if they happen and could be easily dealt with if or when they arise. It could take a lot of time to put together an alternative risk management strategy or take action to deal with the risk, so it’s often a better use of your resources to do nothing for small risks.
You can also change your plans completely to avoid the risk. avoid risk. This is a good strategy for when a risk has a potentially large impact on your project. For example, if January is when your company Finance team is busy doing the corporate accounts, putting them all through a training course in January to learn a new process isn’t going to be a great idea. There’s a risk that the accounts wouldn’t get done.
Transference is a risk management strategy that isn’t used very often and tends to be more common in projects where there are several parties. Essentially, you transfer the impact and management of the risk to someone else.
Normally transference arrangements are written up into project contracts. Insurance is another good example. If you are transporting equipment as part of your project and the van is in an accident, the insurance company will be liable for providing new equipment to replace any that was damaged. The project team acknowledges that the accident might happen, but they won’t be responsible for dealing with sourcing replacement kit, moving it to the right location or paying for it as that is now the responsibility of the insurance company.
Mitigating against a risk is probably the most commonly mitigation of risk used risk management technique. It’s also the easiest to understand and the easiest to implement. What mitigation means is that you limit the impact of a risk, so that if it does occur, the problem it creates is smaller and easier to fix.
For example, if you are launching a new washing machine and the Sales team then have to demonstrate it to customers, there is a risk that the Sales team don’t understand the product and can’t give good demonstrations. As a result, they will make fewer sales and there will be less revenue for the company.
Acceptance, avoidance, transference and mitigation are great to use when the risk has a negative impact on the project. But what if the risk has a positive impact? For example, the risk that the new washing machines are so popular that we don’t have enough Sales staff to do the demonstrations?
Exploitation is the risk management strategy to use in these situations. Look for ways to make the risk happen or for ways to increase the impact if it does. We could train a few junior Sales admin people to also give washing machine demonstrations and do lots of extra marketing, so that the chance that there is lots of interest in the new machine is increased, and there are people to do the demos if needed
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